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Minecraft was the second most popular video game in 2018, with over 144,000,000 copies sold.

Why is it so beloved? It's more than a videogame. It's an educational tool, which teaches kids how code works, how to solve problems and how creativity can be used. And it's also an open platform to be expanded by mod developers.

If you're new to the game go ahead and purchase it and get started. But if you want to enjoy the full Minecraft experience, you'll need to set up your own private Minecraft server.

This guide will walk you through how to set up a Minecraft server on Windows or Mac. If you already have a server from us, these steps will allow you to set it up and begin playing.

How to create a Minecraft server for Windows, Mac, or Linux

At the very core, these are the steps you'll need to follow to set up a Minecraft server:

1. Update to the latest version of Java 2. Choose a location where you want to host your server. Download the Minecraft server software 4. Start the Minecraft server 5. Check to ensure that your server is accessible

Take a look at your options

If you want to run a Minecraft server from home, make sure you have a powerful system that allows it to run smoothly.

A game server hosting provider is an alternative to hosting your server at home if security or other reasons are not acceptable. A Dedicated Server from Heart Internet is a great choice because it doesn't expose your home network to the outside world and saves you the headache of managing server hardware.

Let's get to it!

Setting up a Minecraft server on Windows

Java Version 5.0

Minecraft is a Java game. To ensure you have the most current version of Java, the first thing to do is to download it. So go to java.com/en/download and download and install the latest version of Java.

Next, choose the location from which you want to set up the server. To keep everything organised, we recommend creating a dedicated folder to store all these files.

Once you've chosen a location, go ahead and download the latest Minecraft server setup software from the official site.

It will be downloaded as a.jar. Move it to the location you chose in step two and double-click it to start the server.

You must also agree to the EULA agreement. Edit the eula.txt and change eula=false from eula=true.

Now you're ready to start the Minecraft server.

Go to the Minecraft server folder where you installed the server files and initiate the server by executing this command:

To start the server, you can double-click on the.jar file. In this case, you might need to allow the Minecraft server through the firewall.

That's it. Now that your server has been set up, you can invite people to connect via their local IP address or via their external/public IP address.

Enter your IP address into the Minecraft Server Status Checker to check if your server is accessible.

Mac OS X: How to set up a Minecraft server

Java Updates and Installation

Java is automatically included if you use a current version of MacOS. all about minecraft servers and minecraft in general You may need to download an older version of Java from the Apple website.

Create a dedicated folder for all your Minecraft server files so everything is organised and easy to find.

Download the Minecraft server setup software from the official website.

This downloads as a .jar file, which you should save in the location you chose in the previous step.

Next, open TextEdit. Copy and paste the following into the file:

exec java -Xms1024M -Xmx1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui

Save the file as start.command in the same folder where the other Minecraft server setup files are located.

Permission is required to make it happen.

Open Terminal and type chmod +x after the command. Now simply drag and drop the start.command file into the terminal window and press enter.

Start the server

Double-click the start.command file and a new terminal window will open.

If you're running the server for the first time, you'll probably get a few error messages and/ or missing file warnings. This is normal and not to be alarm about.
all about minecraft servers and minecraft in general

Here you are! Now your server is up and running.

Verify that your server is available

Don't forget to enter your IP address into the Minecraft Server Status Checker to check if your server is accessible.

Setting up a Minecraft server on Linux

As mentioned before, if you don't want to take on the risks or the hassle of hosting a server at home, you can always get a game server hosting plan like a Dedicated Server from Heart Internet.

Next, connect to your hosting via SSH. If you are not familiar with the process, this support article will explain it.

After you have SSH'd into the host as root user, enter this command:

This will return a list of OpenJDK packages that are compatible with Java. Let's pick openjdk-7_jdk to install the OpenJDK 7 Development Kit.

To update the list packages from remote repositories use the following command

Next, install the chosen software package.

Now press "Y" and the installation will be authorized.

Choose a location for your Minecraft server files

Create a new folder on your host where you'd like to save all your Minecraft server files. Next, go to that folder.